As they days shorten and the night draws in, the autumn harvest is coming to a close. The onions are all tied up in onion strings. We had a much better crop this year, netting them off helped stop the birds digging them up. As ever, those grown from seed soon caught up with the onion sets so maybe we’ll just sow seeds in future.
The last apples are clinging to our neighbour’s apple tree. Those on the ground are being hoovered up by blackbirds or whisked away in the beaks of crows. Our apples are all picked, and have found their way into the freezer (for future apple crumbles) or the brewing room where cider and cider vinegar production is underway.
It has not been that warm but fermentation has continued, albeit a little slowly.
We still have a few winter crops left, plenty of beetroot and turnips sit petiently in the ground awaiting their turn to be made into soup. The nematodes did their work and slug damage has been minimal. The mice or moles have, however, been helping themselves to the beetroot. Fortunately, this year they are large so there’s plenty left for us.
The carrot box did brilliantly and there are only one or two carrots left so one job this winter will be to build a second box. It has been a long time since I have managed to grow perfectly shaped carrots.
The only crop not doing so well are the brussell sprouts. Seemingly strong and healthy plants are producing few sprouts. We’ve been racking our brains on this one though general consensus seems to be stress (they’d fallen over) and nitrogen deficiency (though healthy leaves would contradict this). So, not too much green veg for the winter motnhs.
Preparation for next year is well underway with lots of mulching.
As anyone who has read my book might now realise, it’s hard keeping up with everything on a smallholding. This is particularly true as we both have to work to pay the bills. A while back, I mentioned this loss of control of some of the veggie patches in a blog entry – Taking back control – one area of the vegetable garden had gone completely wild.
This area was where we should have been growing our salad crops. However, last year the slugs and snails had got the lot and so we were experimenting with pots. We took our eyes of the veggie patch and the weeds took advantage. The pots were not a great success, really lettuces and so on need their roots in the ground to flourish. We had a think about it and thought a polytunnel might prove the answer. Under cover, the salads should do better (it can be a bit wet and windy here). The tomatoes, too, would flourish.
We measured the area and bought ourselves a polytunnel which, of course, arrived in kit form. I stored it in a shed while we started preparing the ground. The paths were covered in old carpet and the beds in cardboard and wool. This suppressed most of the weeds, the buttercups proving the hardest to conquer.
Then it was time to get the build underway. The original plan was to have a contractor put it up. We are so busy it was hard to see where we’d find time to build it ourselves. However, some unexpected roof repairs and a contractor that was also very busy meant I decided to put it up myself. How hard could it be?
Not too hard, as it happened. Not an easy start when I found the instruction leaflet soaking wet and illegible. Thank goodness for the internet and PDF downloads. Having watched the instruction video, I made one of my better decision – rather than going all out and building it in one go, I broke it down into stages.
The first was getting the water pipe and electric cable ready. We had installed a large rainwater tank earlier in the year and the pipe was ready and waiting. It just needed to be put underground and into the polytunnel. The electric cable was laid at the same time.
Next was getting the foundations and hoops in place. That went pretty well though, that said, the instructions on squaring the foundations were correct but hard to implement. My maths background was suddenly useful as I designed a simple way to get this right. Quite easy really, I just tied the four corners together with string at the correct length and put them in the ground at roughly the right place. Then I connected the diagonals with string (at the correct length) and marked the middle of the string. Then all I had to do was line up the centres of the diagonals while keeping all the string taut. Took about 20 minutes. That done, the foundations could be drilled into place. After that, the hoops could go up and I had welcome assistance from Nicole in getting them installed. It was starting to take shape.
The following day, I put up the rest of the frame. This included A frame bars to add extra strength – it can get pretty stormy here. The door frames proved challenging insofar as it was at this point I found that the existing path and veggie beds were not square and some realignment was needed. I took the opportunity to add frames around all the veggie beds to keep the soil in place.
It seemed a good idea to sort out the interior as much as possible before the plastic went on. I had a day or two to do this as I had planned the plastic installation for that rare sunny, wind free day that we sometimes get here. I knocked in a couple of posts and installed the tap and electrical sockets. I also created an area for Nicole to use in her rug making. Making felted fleece rugs uses a lot of water and here, the water could flow freely into the ground (as opposed to all over a wooden shed floor).
That all done, it was time to get the plastic on. This turned out to be harder than it looked. I was working on my own and while I got most of the main area taut, one panel ended up a bit loose. Nicole helped around the door frames with the platting and pulling the plastic tight. The plastic was held in place by metal spring clips which, while fairly simple to install, took its tool on my fingers – blisters galore.
Nevertheless, it’s up, it works and all the veggie beds have been mulched. I have tidied it up around the outer edges sinking the plastic into the ground and laying membrane and gravel to keep the weeds down. We are looking forward to a bumper salad crop next year.
Last year’s veggie growing didn’t go well. What with constant rain, little sun and an army of slugs and snails, we did not get much of a harvest.
This year, we were determined to do better. Nematodes took care of the slugs and snails. All plants were grown to a good size before planting out and carrots are in their own special box. This has worked quite well and the veggie patch is looking good (see right).
We have two veggie patches, one that was here already and the one in the picture to the right that we built. With all the focus on the new patch, we took our eye off the old patch and this (left) is what happened. It didn’t take long.
Now, one of the problems we have here in SW Scotland is that the growing season is a bit shorter. We have a greenhouse but it’s not very big. So, we have invested in a polytunnel which is planned to go over this weedy area.
The polytunnel has been delivered and sits awaiting action in our shed. It was time to take back control.
The original plan was to cover the area with a weed membrane. However, I saw a good idea on twitter that comes from the “no dig” school of thinking. Cardboard topped with mulch. We had plenty cardboard lying around. With COVID, we are buy much more stuff online, so plenty of boxes pass through our front door these days. We added our spin on this approach by covering the cardboard with wool. This is waste wool that can’t be used in Nicole’s rugs, so would have gone to compost anyway. I’m hoping that the damp wool will stop the cardboard blowing away.
The paths were covered in underlay from our bedroom floor. In case you’re wondering, I recently laid a new wooden floor replacing a rather old carpet.
Most of the cardboard was soggy having sat in a pile outside, so I got pretty wet carrying it over. But, bit by bit, I have reclaimed most of the patch. I ran out of cardboard before I got it all covered. This has not resulted in an online buying frenzy, but all boxes that arrive are soon snapped up and put to use.
Once the polytunnel is up, the growing areas will be covered in mulch provided by our sheep. By next year, this should provide an excellent growing area.
Part of the sustainable living ethos is re-using stuff. We generate a lot of garden waste and this all goes into a large compost bin. Of course, over time, it fills up. I have found the best thing to do is to move all the compost into bins and leave it for a few months to rot down properly.
That said, first the bins need to be emptied (having been filled last time). So, what I have a three stage system. There are bins with useable compost, bins with compost that is rotting down and the large collection bin.
At the compost shuffle, I put all the usable compost into old plastic feed or compost bags and take it to the greenhouse. Then I tip all the compost from the green bins into the “ready bins”. Then I tip all the stuff in the big bin into the teo green bins.
It’s a lot of work, but it only needs to be done a couple of times a year. And it’s very satisfying once it’s all done.
We also have wormeries for the kitchen waste. They are enclosed so no tempting titbits for rats or crows, both of which can be a bit of a pest.